1.You have a microscope objective with an NA of 0.723. At what F/# is this operating? Compute the marginal ray angle incident on the microscope slide.
Solution: F/# = 1/2/NA = 1/2/0.723 = F/0.69
NA=sin(θ) or
θ = arcsin(NA) = arcsin(0.723)
θ = 46.3°
2.A 100 mm focal length lens is used with a 2/3” detector. Compute the angular full field of view (corner to corner) for an infinite conjugate.
Solution: h = F tan(θ_{HFOV}) or
θ_{HFOV} = arctan[h/F]
For a 2/3" sensor the image diagonal is 11mm (Reference) h is the semiimage diameter or 5.5 mm
θ_{FFOV} = 2*θ_{HFOV} = 2*arctan[h/F] = 2*arctan[5.5 mm/ 100 mm]
θ_{FFOV} = 6.3°
3.An F/3 achromat is used as a 3:1 relay. Compute the working F/#.
Solution:
F/#_{working} = F/#_{infinite} *(1M) actually M = 3x for a simple lens since the image gets inverted.
F/#_{working} = F/3 *(1[3]) = F/3 *(4)
F/#_{working} = F/12
Solution:
1/F = (n1) {(1/R_{1}) –(1/R_{2})+(n1)/n*t/R_{1}/R_{2}}
F = [ (n1) {(1/R_{1}) –(1/R_{2})+(n1)/n*t/R_{1}/R_{2}}]^{1}
n = 1.458467 (Corning C7980) information not on the website... I found the lens in the Zemax library.
Radius = 91.09 mm (biconvex)
t = 3.78 mm
Simplify for a biconvex
F = [ (n1) {(2/R) (n1)/n*t/R^{2})}]^{1} F = [ (1.4584671) {(2/91.09) (1.4584671)/1.458467*3.78/91.09^{2}}]^{1} F = 99.9941 mm
5.If the front radius of a lens is 100 mm and its index is 1.85, what is the back radius to make is a zero power element if it is 2.5 mm thick?
Solution: R_{1}R_{2 }= R_{2 }= R_{1 } (n1)/n*t = 100 (1.851)/1.85*2.5 R_{2 }= 98.85 mm
6.A 10 mm thick piece of NBK7 is inserted into an F/1.0 converging beam. How far is focused moved? Repeat for an F/10 converging beam.
Solution: Defocus = (n1)/n*t = (1.561)/1.56*10 mm Defocus = 3.59 mm
F/# is irrelevant. Included to challenge you!
